Oral health and diabetes
Oral Health and Diabetes
Diabetes changes the environment in the body, including the eyes, nerves, kidneys and blood vessels. The mouth is also affected, especially in those with poor blood sugar control. It can be associated with periodontitis (advanced gum disease), xerostomia (dry mouth), oral infections and delayed wound healing.
Diabetics should see their dentists at least twice a year for a comprehensive examination, scale and clean and oral hygiene review.
- Diabetes and periodontitis : Periodontitis refers to inflammation of the tissues that surround and support the teeth. It is the most common chronic oral infection and often the major cause of tooth loss. Diabetes, particularly type 2 diabetes, is considered a risk factor for periodontitis.
- Diabetes and xerostomia (dry mouth) : Xerostomia is a persons subjective feeling of oral dryness. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients have reported xerostomia and thus reduced salivary gland production. Persistent xerostomia compromises the protective function of saliva, thereby increasing the susceptibility to dental decay, oral tissue soreness and altered taste.
- Diabetes and oral infections : Fungal infections of oral tissues are more common in adults with diabetes. Oral Candidiasis is the most common fungal infection for diabetics.
- Diabetes and wound healing : Changes in diabetic patients contribute to alterations in wound healing. This also includes wounds in the mouth.
Diabetes has profound effect on oral health, increasing oral complications in diabetics warrant dental care being part of primary health care for those with diabetes. It is of paramount importance that good oral health care is provided to diabetics to combat oral health complications
Are you are concerned about your gum or teeth health, or just overdue for a dental check-up, please call Salamanca Dental on (03) 62888070, contact us here, or book online using the button at the top of this page.
We look forward to seeing you soon and remember to… smile like you mean it!